A good 150 years ago, the first bright outdoor lighting systems went into operation in European cities and later in rural areas. This development was celebrated as a great cultural achievement.
Nocturnal lighting on a large scale doubled the useable time available. With increasing industrialisation, working hours and consumption also increased and shifted increasingly to the darker half of the day.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the first gas lamps were used for street lighting in London. Around 1900 gas lamps were the predominant form of urban lighting. At the beginning of the 20th century, Vienna also had considerably more gas than electric lights for illuminating the streets.